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Basic Piano Skills for Kids

Basic Piano Skills for Kids

The basic piano skills for kids are the same regardless of method. You can go to the fanciest Viennese conservatory or a store-front music school. You are going to learn the same skills, perhaps in a slightly different order. The biggest question is, when will the child learn each skill, and in what order?

Some methods start with reading music, others with note naming, and still others get the child pushing keys and making music right away. You will find that reading music is the most difficult way to engage a child with the piano. This is because the music is restricted to exercise pieces the child is able to “read.” So let’s find out this basic list of skills.

Please remember that each child will take a differing amount of time to absorb these ideas. It depends on age and development.

Piano Is Easy

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The First Five Notes

The first skill is to be able to read and play, with proper fingering, the first five notes, C D E F and G. In Piano By Number this is 1 2 3 4 5. Below is a drawing showing the meager tools with which a child is expected to begin: five horizontal lines (on the page) and a keyboard below:

Five lines on page, keyboard below

To compare the two methods, reading music and Piano By Number, look at the drawing above, and compare it to the numbered keyboard below.

Play a song on our online piano

Jingle Bells
| 3 3 3 * | 3 3 3 * | 3 5 1 2 | 3 * * * |
| 4 4 4 4 | 4 3 3 3 | 3 2 2 3 | 2 * 5 * |


The top drawing shows the tools a child is given in “reading music:” five horizontal lines above and the keyboard below. No reference points, no relationship, really, between the two vastly differing graphic systems, the lines and the keyboard.

To read music, the child must master at least five dimensions to correlate the page to the keys. Now look at the numbered keyboard. It is one-dimensional: see a number on the page, play the same number on the keyboard. It’s not hard to have kids make a transition to reading music, but it helps a lot if they have had a chance to gain confidence playing songs by number first.

Teach Kids Chords

Chords are groups of three keys, played with the left hand by beginners. I allow kids to play the bottom two members of the chord with their 2nd and 3rd fingers. This is because it is easier for kids to see the construction of the chord when they are not bothering with the thumb, a shorter finger that confuses kids at first.

They need to be familiar with the chords C F G D E and A. Some are all white keys, some have one black key. This in itself can be hard for kids to remember. But chords are the DNA of music, and will become more and more valuable as their study goes on. How far kids get with chords depends on their age.

Playing With Both Hands

Playing with two hands is only possible when the two brain hemispheres talk easily to one another, and this takes time for child-pianists to develop. For the youngest kids, I limit this to a game where I say, “Play a C chord with your left hand, and the number 5 with your right hand.” This at least forces the two sides of the brain to talk.

Reading Rhythm

Reading the rhythms in sheet music is the last skill I work on. To add it too early is to overburden the child who is desperately trying to juggle fingering, notes, chords and many other things. There are simpler ways to start a study of rhythm. Essentially, you just want the child to count as they play an absurdly easy pattern.

See the piano game called FOURS.

Timetable Depends On Age

Every child is different in how long they take to learn the list. Some do it in a few minutes (12 years old) and some take months or years. It isn’t a race. You are dealing with each different mind, each different age. Better to go slowly, at the child’s pace, than cram it into their heads quickly to fit some academic schedule.



Eight Best Ways To Learn Piano For Beginners

Playing Piano By Number

Playing Piano By Number – Complete

Starting To Play Piano By Number

Beginning Piano Music With Numbers

Beginner Piano Tutorial

Beginner Piano Books for Kids 

Introduction To Piano By Number

Music On The Mind: Newsweek Articles

Piano By Number Basics

Piano By Number Is The Missing Step

There Are Many Ways To Start Piano

A History of Piano and Numbers

Easy Piano Songs for Beginners with Letters

Easy Piano Notes for Popular Songs

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